Often described as a time capsule of the 19th century, the agricultural village of Burkittsville became the
focus of a pivotal battle of the War Between the States in the late summer of 1862. Hidden away in its
remote corner of the Catoctin Valley, it can be said that the town´s role in this engagement largely placed it
on the map, an obscure site made famous by the event of national upheaval.
Nearly 30,000 Union and Confederate troops passed through town during the 1862 Maryland Campaign
and another 100,000 during the campaigns of 1863 and 1864, marching to and from Crampton´s Gap in
South Mountain. During the Battle for CramptonÁs Gap, its houses were shelled, used for cover, and were
finally converted to field hospitals by surgeons of the victorious Union Sixth Army Corps. Most of its
wartime homes are still standing.
Structures listed are well-documented examples of the battle´s impact, each a tale of endurance under
extreme adversity. All are situated along Main Street.These structures appear much today as they did in
1862, offering a virtually untouched wartime townscape and adjoining farm fields.
Main Street was used as a battle conduit by the entire Second Division, SixthCorps brigades of W.T.H.
Brooks, W.S. Hancock and W.H. Irwin.
Please respect each homeowner's privacy. Copies of the complete Civil War Walking Tour brochure are available at the town bulletin board
"The Bugle," on East Main Street, directly across from the U.S. Post Office.